Scotts language

Gaelic Travel-Scotland-Scotts language

Scots (Scottish Gaelic: Albais) is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster in Ireland (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots). It is sometimes called Lowland Scots to distinguish it from Scottish Gaelic, the Celtic language that was historically restricted to most of the Highlands, the Hebrides and Galloway after the 16th century. The Scots language developed during the Middle English period as a distinct entity.



Many Scots pronunciations are strikingly different from their Standard English equivalents; we might note Scots stane, puir, baw, hoose beside Standard English stone, poor, ball, house, and how both Scots and Standard Scottish English (SSE) differentiate brood, tide from brewed, tied, pairs that are homophones in present-day Southern Standard English.

Where is it spoken?

Go to the Scottish Highlands and islands, particularly communities in the Outer Hebrides, as well as on the Isle of Skye and to the lesser extent in Argyll & The Isles, and chances are that you’ll come to contact with Gaelic, be it on road signs, in theatres, through radio and television productions, or by chatting to the locals. The cities of Glasgow and Edinburgh have large populations too - nearly half of all Gaelic speakers live in the Lowlands.

Canada, in the Nova Scotia region, New Zealand, Australia and other regions in North America also boast proud Gaelic communities, established after the 18th and 19th century waves of emigration.

The Gaelic community has supplied Scotland with many of the country's national icons, including the kilt, tartan, sporran, bagpipes, ceilidhs, Highland games and whisky.