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Industry in a big city

The industry is based on more than 700 large and medium-sized enterprises, as well as more than 20 thousand small enterprises. In 2016, the volume of products shipped by the city's industry amounted to 2340.5 billion rubles, which is 6.9% higher than the previous year. In the structure of shipped products, 30% is accounted for vehicles, machines and various types of equipment, 15.7 % - food products, including beverages, and tobacco, 5.7 % - metallurgy products and finished metal products.

The basis of industry:heavy industry. The city is home to such shipbuilding companies as Admiralty shipyards (ships for the Navy, tankers, submarines), Sredne-Nevskiy shipyard (boats, minesweepers for the Navy), Baltiysky Zavod(ships for the Navy, icebreakers), and Severnaya Verf (ships for the Navy and Morflot).

There are machine-building enterprises: "compressor" (compressor equipment, oil and gas equipment),"Leningrad metal plant"(steam, gas and hydraulic turbines), "Electrosila" (electric cars, generators), "ELECTROPULT" (electrical equipment), "Sevkabel"(power cables, copper rolling), "Kirovsky Zavod" (tractors, metal products, agricultural machinery), "Arsenal" (space satellites, artillery installations, compressor stations), "Izhorskiye Zavody" (rolling equipment, special equipment, nuclear reactors), "Leninets" (equipment for aviation and weapons, radio-electronic equipment),"Svetlana" (x-ray tubes, radio-electronic equipment, components), LOMO (optical devices) and others. Developed transport engineering: "VAGONMASH "(passenger cars for Railways and electric cars for metro), automobile plants of Ford, Toyota, General Motors, Scania, Nissan, Hyundai Motor and MAN. For the first 9 months of 2016, the city collected 25 % of new cars sold in Russia.

A significant amount of industrial production is formed by enterprises in the arms industry. The city has developed the black (Izhora pipe plant of the company "Severstal") and non-ferrous metallurgy ("Krasny vyborgets"), chemical ("VMP-Neva"), light, printing industry.

Among the largest enterprises in the food industry: the Baltika brewery(beer, soft drinks, mineral water),the Heineken brewery, the Stepan Razin Brewery, the Moskovsky district Bakery(bakery, flour confectionery, owned by Fazer), the Krupskaya Factory (candy and chocolate), the Parnas-M meat processing plant (sausages, canned meat and semi-finished products), the Kirov Mill (cereals, flour), and the dairy plant "Petmol" (owned by Danone),Polyustrovo mineral water plant, meat processing plants, enterprises for the production of confectionery products, fish products, and many others.

The number of employees of industrial enterprises according to operational statistical reports for 2018 amounted to 346.9 thousand people, the average monthly salary of employees in industry – 65.4 thousand rubles.